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Beginner’s guide to mining in Minecraft

No wonder the game is called MINEcraft. Here, mining is one of the main activities and certainly is where you will spend a good deal of time behind raw material for your crafts.

For those who still do not know how to mine the most effective way, we have brought a complete guide with everything you need to know to get right to the point. Minecraft’s complete guide to mining!

Layers and Altitude

The first step for you to be a good miner is to understand the layers and the altitude in the game. The world of Minecraft has 128 layers, that is, 128 blocks in height. You can build blocks from the base to the top layer.

The base is found in layers 0-4, ie if you dig to reach the base, you will be stepping on layer 4. The sea level is layer 64.

A practical way to know which layer you are on and access the debug screen by pressing the F3 key. There you can check your x, y, and z coordinates. Your altitude will be at Y coordinate.

Starting your mine

Choose a safe and well lit place to start digging your mine, since many times you return to the surface, it will be night. Also avoid high places for this task as this will only make the process of going deeper. A good suggestion is to start in the basement of your home.

Necessary equipments

To start your mine, you only need picks, shovels, torches and wood to make more torches. As you go deeper, you’ll surely find charcoal for better lighting and iron for new tools.

Carrying some weapons and armor may be necessary in case you find some cave or abandoned mine.

Special care at the time of mining

There are some dangers that you should avoid when mining. The main ones are:

Lighting : Dangerous mobs appear in the dark, so always carry enough wood to make torches. If your stock is running out, it’s time to get back on the surface to reset. Also remember to put torches every 10 blocks.

Abandoned caves and mines : from time to time you will find open environments with hostile creatures while mining. Keep that in mind and bring weapons and armor with you.

Never dig directly down : never dig the block you’re stepping on, since it may be what separates you from a lava river or something worse. So always try to mine the block immediately ahead of you.

Beware of digging straight up : the same logic is to dig up, since the lava river may be above you. The same thing is for sand, water or other elements that can suffocate you. Placing boards and ladders at the height of your head prevents things from falling after you have mined the block below. Also, water and lava above the blocks is indicated by dripping drops, so stay tuned.

Where to Find ores

All ores are available from layer 16, so building your mine near the base (0-4) is the best option. However, caves, lava and abandoned mines can disrupt this process, so if you’re only after coal, iron and gold, you can limit yourself to layer 30, more or less.

Ore Where to look Uses
coal Any point below the earth, but more abundant below layer 40 Furnace torches and fuel
Iron Any point below the earth, but more abundant below layer 40 Craft tools, armor and build rails
Gold Below layer 30 Potions, crafts and electric rails
Redstone Below layer 16 Crafts and Potions
Lapis lazuli Below layer 30, but more abundant near layer 12 Decorative
Emerald Below layer 30, only in the biome “Extreme Hills” To trade with villagers
Diamond Below layer 16 Craft the best weapons, tools and armor
Nether quartz No Nether Quartz Blocks and Solar Light Sensor

Most Popular Mine Models

Your mine model is entirely up to you, but there are two well-optimized formats you can follow:

Main corridor

Build a wide aisle with a rail in the middle. The tunnels will be on the sides, as shown above. Also do not forget the lighting.

Side chambers

Build your tunnels with 3 blocks away from each other. This is because most ores are grouped into “veins”, that is, small groups that, if you find a block, you will find others interconnected. That way, 3 blocks away is the ideal measure for you to dig as little as possible and still find the most ores. Since emeralds are always in single blocks, you should shorten the distance between the tunnels to 2 blocks.

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